Species and Photos

This is basically a listing of the British Orchids I hope or expect to find, by genus and species. Also included are sub-species and varieties, plus hybrids I have seen and identified. For each entry there are thumbnail pictures of the plant and the inflorescence or flower, together with a list of a selection of the sites where each entry was seen. These entries link to my first visit to that site. Clicking any of the thumbnails should provide a screen-sized image in a new tab. The photos may not be the best, but they are all my own. Note that this is a rather long page with many images and may take time to load fully especially on a slow connection - you may need to refresh the screen. Hopefully I can fill in the blanks sometime in the near future, though I do recognise that this may be near impossible in some cases. The links take you to the first instance where that orchid was seen. In all likelihood if there was a later visit there were seen again - see the Places pages
Where only pictures taken abroad are available those are used temporarily, without location and links.

Initially I have used the same photos used in the Outings pages. At least some of them will be replaced with newer better pictures, either from new outings or finding more suitable examples from my Pictures folders.

Genus Cypripedium

C. calceolus - Lady’s slipper


Gait Barrow
4th June 2015


Gait Barrow
4th June 2015

Gait Barrow

Genus Cephalanthera

C. rubra - Red Helleborine


Workmans Wood
15 July 2016

 

Sheepscoombe

C. longifolia - Narrow-leaved Helleborine


near Aberdovey
12th May 2014


near Aberdovey
12th May 2014

Aberdovey
Chappett’s Close

C. damasonium - White Helleborine


Homefield Woods
10th June 2014


Hartslock Reserve
21th May 2016

Homefield Woods
Leckhampton
Hidcote
Hartslock
Buckholt Woods
Chappett’s Close
Yocklett’s Bank
Bonsai Bank
Ranscombe Farm

C. damasonium x longifolia

 


Chappett’s Close
21st May 2018

Chappett’s Close

Genus Neottia

N. cordata - Lesser Twayblade


Hirnant Valley
23rd June 2014


Hirnant Valley
23rd June 2014

Hirnant Valley

N. ovata - Common Twayblade


Homefield Woods
10th June 2014


Alyn Waters Country Park
27th June 2013

Minera Quarry
Newborough
Lynclys Common
Alyn Waters
Homefield Woods
Box Hill
Bishop Middleham
Waitby Greenriggs
Ufton Fields
Taskers Meadow
Kenfig
Barrow Wake
Crickley Hill
Painswick Hill
Leckhampton
Park Gate Down
Stelling Minnis
Yockletts Bank
Marford Quarry
Llanymynech Rocks
Bonsai Bank
Talacre
Ynys Las
Eade’s Meadow
Rudge Hill

N. ovata Var trifolia - Three-leaved Common Twayblade


Alyn Waters
25th May 2017

 

Alyn Waters

N. nidus-avis - Bird’s Nest Orchid


Coed Cilygroeslwyd
1st July 2013


Coed Cilygroeslwyd
1st July 2013

Coed Cilygroeslwyd
Nant Alyn
Birdlip south
Birdlip north
Buckholt Woods
Great Orme
Chappett’s Close

N. nidus-avis var pallida

 


 Buckholt Woods
27th May 2016

Buckholt Woods

Genus Epipactis

E. palustris - Marsh Helleborine


Neumanns Flash
4th July 2014

Sweeney Fen
11th July 2015

Cors Bodeilio
Newborough
Ynys Las
Sweeney Fen
Morfa Harlech
Aberffraw
Lindisfarne
Anderton CP
Waitby Greenriggs
Kenfig
Ainsdale Dunes
Oxwich Dunes
Dry Sandford Pit

E. palustris var leucantha - Marsh Helleborine pale form


Kenfig Burrows
26th June 2015


Dry Sandford Pit
11th July 2018

Kenfig
Dry Sandford Pit

E. atrorubens - Dark Red Helleborine


Great Orme
12th July 2013


Bishop Middleham
12th July 2014

Great Orme
Bishop Middleham
Stoney Middleton

E. helleborine - Broad-leaved Helleborine


Marford Woods
27th July 2013


Marford Woods
27th July 2013

Minera Quarry
Eaton Hall Gardens
Marford Woods
Bodnant Gardens
Birdlip north
Leckhampton
Alyn Waters
Barrow Wake
Minera Lead Mines
Delamere Forest
Nant y Frith
Oxwich Dunes
Warburg
Knowle
Yocklett’s Bank
Howardian Reserve
Jones’ Rough
Rudge Hill
Alyn Waters
Hare Hill
Alderley Edge
Hodnet Hall

E. helleborine var youngiana


Killingworth
17th July 2014


Killingworth
17th July 2014

Killingworth

E. helleborine ‘var neerlandica type’


Barrow Wake
6th August 2015


Barrow Wake
6th August 2015

Barrow Wake
Oxwich Dunes
Kenfig

Epipactis helleborine var. chlorantha


Leckhampton
6th August 2015


Leckhampton
6th August 2015

Leckhampton
Marford Woods

Epipactis helleborine var. purpurata (perhaps)


Marford Woods
29th July 2016


Marford Woods
29th July 2016

 

Epipactis helleborine var. chlorantha x var. monotropoides?


Leckhampton
6th August 2015


Leckhampton
6th August 2015

Leckhampton

Epipactis helleborine x dunensis (disputed!)


Alyn Waters
15th July 2018


Alyn Waters
15th July 2018

Alyn Waters

Epipactis helleborine x phllanthes (disputed!)


Alyn Waters
15th July 2018


Alyn Waters
15th July 2018

Alyn Waters

Epipactis helleborine with flower malformation

 

 

 

Epipactis helleborine with gross flower malformation

 


Nant-y-Frith
4th August 2017

Nant-y-Frith

E. purpurata - Violet helleborine


Coalbrookdale
9th August 2013


Severn Valley
3rd August 2013

Severn Valley Country Park
Wenlock Edge
Coalbrookdale
Chinnor
Aston Rowan

E. purpurata Var. rosea


Coalbrookdale
26th August 2015


Coalbrookdale
26th August 2015

Coalbrookdale
Chivery

E. purpurata Var.alba?


Severn Valley
12th August 2016


Severn Valley
12th August 2016

Severn Valley

E. purpurata variegata

 


Severn Valley Country Park
5th August 2017

Severn Valley

E. leptochila - Narrow-lipped Helleborine


Birdlip
27th July 2015


Birdlip
27th July 2015

Birdlip south
Warburg

E. dunensis - Dune Helleborine


Alyn Waters Country Park
27th July 2013


Alyn Waters Country Park
27th July 2013

Formby
Newborough
Alyn Waters
Ainsdale
Delamere Forest
Marford Quarry
Ainsdale Dunes
Knowle
Stoney Middleton

E. dunensis var tynensis - Tyne Helleborine


Close House Riverside
17th July 2014


Close House Riverside
17th July 2014

Close House

Epipactis dunensis x phllanthes (tentative)

 


Ainsdale
23rd July 2018

Ainsdale

E. sancta - Lindisfarne Helleborine


Lindisfarne
17th July 2014


Lindisfarne
17th July 2014

Lindisfarne

E. phyllanthes phyllanthes - Green-flowered Helleborine

 

 

 

E. phyllanthes vectensis


Homefield Woods
10th June 2014

 

Homefield Woods

E. phyllanthes degenera

 

 

 

E. phyllanthes pendula


Marford Quarry
27th July 2013


Nant Alyn
16th August 2013

Marford Quarry
Alyn Waters
Nant Alyn

E. phyllanthes cambriensis

 


Kenfig
23rd July 2017

Kenfig

Genus Epipogium

E. aphyllum - Ghost Orchid

 

 

 

Genus Liparis

L. loeselli ovata - Fen Orchid


Kenfig Burrows
26th June 2015


Kenfig Burrows
26th June 2015

Kenfig

L. loeselli loeselli - Fen Orchid

 

 

 

Genus Hammarbya

H. paludosa - Bog Orchid


Elan Valley
26th July 2014


Elan Valley
26th July 2014

Elan Valley

Genus Corallorhiza

C. triffida - Coral-root Orchid


Sandscale Haws
5th June 2015


Sandscale Haws
5th June 2015

Sandscale Haws

Genus Goodyera

G. repens - Creeping Lady’s-tresses

 

 

 

Genus Spiranthes

S. spiralis - Autumn Lady’s-tresses


Great Orme
2nd Sept 2013


Great Orme
2nd Sept 2013

Great Orme
Llanymynech Rocks
Gop Hill
Little Orme

S. romanzoffiana - Irish Lady’s-tresses

 

 

 

S. aestivalis - Summer Lady’s-tresses

 

 

 

Genus Herminium

H. monorchis - Musk Orchid


Barrow Wake
27 July 2015


Barrow Wake
27 July 2015

Barrow Wake
Painswick Hil

Genus Orchis

O. anthropophora - Man Orchid


Near Lydden
18th June 2013


Near Lydden
18th June 2013

near Folkestone
near Lydden
Ufton Fields
Darland Banks
Ranscombe Farm

O. simia - Monkey Orchid


Parkgate Down
23rd May 2014


Parkgate Down
23rd May 2014

Parkgate Down
 

O. militaris - Military Orchid


HomefieldWoods
10th June 2014


Homefield Woods
10th June 2014

Homefield Woods

O. purpurea - Lady Orchid


Stelling Minnis
25th May 2016


Stelling Minnis
10th June 2014

Stelling Minnis
Yockletts Bank
Bonsai Bank
Ranscombe Farm

Lady x Monkey Orchid hybrid


Hartslock Reserve
21st May 2015


Hartslock Reserve
21st May 2015

Hartslock Reserve

O. mascula - Early Purple Orchid


Coed Abergele
7th June 2013


Bryn Pydew
25th April 2014

Lynclys Common
Minera Quarry
Eryrys
Coed Abergele
Mynydd Marian
Bryn Pydew
Gop Hill
Arnside Knott
Waitby Greenriggs
Latterbarrow
Loggerheads
Park Gate Down
Beachy Head
Stelling Minnis
Bryn Euryn
Cors Goch
Cors Bodeilio
Halkyn Mountain
Moel Findeg
Yocklett’s Bank
Bonsai Bank

O. mascula - Early Purple Orchid pink form

 


Stelling Minnis
25 May 2016

Stelling Minnis

Genus Pseudorchis

P. albida - Small White Orchid


Vicarage Fields
25th June 2016


Vicarage Fields
25th June 2016

Vicarage Fields

Genus Platanthera

P. bifolia - Lesser Butterfly Orchid


Coed Abergele
7th June 2013


Coed Abergele
7th June 2013

Cae Blaen Dyffryn
Lynclys Common
Coed Abergele
Waitby Greenriggs

P. chlorantha - Greater Butterfly Orchid


Homefield Woods
 10th June 2014


Scabby Rock
18 June 2014

Cae Blaen Dyffryn
Cae Lletty Cybi
Craig Adwy
Coed Cilygroeslwyd
Homefield Woods
Scabby Rock
Vicarage Meadow
Latterbarrow
Ufton Fields
Taskers Meadow
Aston Rowant
Llanymynech Rocks
Bonsai Bank

Genus Gymnademia

G. conopsea - Common Fragrant Orchid


Painswick Hill
27th June 2015


Box Hill
10th June 2014

Minera Quarry
Parkgate Down
Box Hill
Waitby Greenriggs
Painswick Hill
Eryrys
Caburn Bottom
Ladle Hill
Pewsey Down
Minera Quarry
Eade’s Meadow
Sheepscoombe

G. borealis - Heath Fragrant Orchid


Haweswater
1st July 2012


Vicarage Fields
23rd June 2014

Haweswater
Llanymynech Rocks
Vicarage Meadow
Cors Goch
Minera Quarry

G. densiflora - Marsh Fragrant Orchid


Neumann’s Flash
4th July 2014


Minera Quarry
1st August 2013

Minera Quarry
Anderton Country Park
Alyn Waters
Bishop Middleham
Sweeney Fen
Llanymynech Rocks
Kenfig
Eade’s Meadow
Dolgoch Quarry
Stoney Middleton
Dry Sandford Pit

G. densiflora albifora


Minera Quarry
10th July 2016

Minera Quarry
10th July 2016

Minera Quarry

Common Fragrant x Marsh Fragrant Orchid hybrid

 


Eades Meadow
15th June 2018

Eade’s Meadow

Marsh Fragrant x Common Spotted hybrid x Dactylodenia st-quintinii ?


Sweeney Fen
11th July 2015


Sweeney Fen
11th July 2015

Sweeney Fen

G. conopsea x densiflora hybrid ?


Minera Quarry
1st August 2013

 

Minera Quarry

Genus Dactylorhiza

D. incarnata incarnata - Early Marsh Orchid


Ynyslas
23rd June 2010


Cors Bodeilio
29th May 2014

Cors Bodeilio
Ynys Las
Kenfig
Talacre
Ainsdale Dunes
Aberffraw
Oxwich Dunes
Cors Goch

D. incarnata incarnata var leucantha- Early Marsh Orchid white form


Kenfig Burrows
26th June 2015


Kenfig Burrows
26th June 2015

Kenfig

D. incarnata coccinea


Ynyslas
18th June 2007


Kenfig Burrows
26th June 2015

Ynys Las
Nob End
Morfa Harlech
Newborough Warren
Cors Bodeilio
RSPB Conwy
Kenfig
Talacre
Ainsdale Dunes
Aberffraw

D. incarnata pulchella

 

 

 

D. incarnata ochroleuca

 

 

 

D. incarnata cruenta

 

 

 

D. viridis - Frog Orchid


Eryrys
8th June 2013


Eryrys
8th June 2013

Eryrys
Pewsey Down

D. viridis var longibractaeteum

 


Eryrys
1st June 2015

Eryrys

D. viridis - Frog Orchid pink form

 


Pewsey Down
15th July 2016

Ladle Hill
Pewsey Down

D. viridis - Frog Orchid hyperpigmented


Pewsey Down
15th July 2016


Pewsey Down
15th July 2016

Pewsey Down

D. fuschsii - Common Spotted Orchid


Buckley Common
19th June 2008


Buckley Common
19th June 2008

Minera Quarry
Cors Bodeilio
Newborough
Buckley Common
Erddig Hall
Caergwrle Castle
near Dolfur, Powys
Loggerheads
Lynclys Common
Ty Brith
Gait Barrow
Carnforth
Llanymynech Rocks
Alyn Waters
Wrexham Industrial Estate
Nob End
Coed Cilygroeslwyd
Homefield Woods
Box Hill
Bishop Middleham
Waitby Greenriggs
Ufton Fields
Taskers Meadow
Kenfig
Barrow Wake
Crickley Hill
Painswick Hill
Leckhampton
Samphire Hoe
Lindisfarne
Marford Quarry
Cragside
Draycote Meadow
Sweeney Fen
Birdlip north
Park Gate Down
Stelling Minnis
Aston Rowant
near Folkestone
Talacre
Gresford Colliery
Sheepscoombe
Ladle Hill
Pewsey Down
Penmaen Rhos
Conwy RSPB
Minera Lead Mines
Nant y Frith
Castle Hill
Bonsai Bank
Cors Goch
Cors Erddreiniog
Eade’s Meadow
Ettington
Llay Industrial Estate
Dolgoch Quarry
Stoney Middleton
Selsey Common
Minchinhampton
Rodborough
Sheepscoombe
Rudge Hill
Sezincote

D. fuschsii var albiflora - Common Spotted Orchid white form

 


Crickley Hill
27th June 2015

Crickley Hill
Eade’s Meadow
Ettington

Common Spotted Orchid - rhodochila-like


Alyn Waters Country Park
14th July 2018


Alyn Waters Country Park
14th July 2018

Alyn Waters

D. fuschsii o’kellyi

 

 

 

Common Spotted Orchid - deformed


Minera Quarry
10th July 2016


Eryrys
27th June 2016

Eryrys
Minera Quarry

D. fuschsii hebridiensis

 

 

 

D. fuschsii var rhodochila

 

 

 

D. maculata ericetorum - Heath Spotted Orchid

Ty Brith
Cors Bodeilio
Vicarage Meadows
Cors Erddreiniog

D. praetermissa - Southern Marsh Orchid


RSPB Conwy
19th June 2015


RSPB Conwy
19th June 2015

Lynclys Common
Ynys Las
Wrexham Industrial Estate
Nob End
Lindisfarne
Saltwells
Wrens Nest
RSPB Conwy
Buckley Common
Kenfig Burrows
Burton Mere
Sweeney Fen
Oxwich Dunes
Neston Old Quay
Granville CP
Stoney Middleton

D. praetermissa junialis - Leopard Marsh Orchid

 


Nob End
14th June 2013

Nob End

D. praetermissa kerryensis - Kerry Marsh Orchid

 

 

 

D. traunsteineroides - Narrow-leaved Marsh Orchid


Cors Bodeilo
29th May 2014


Cors Bodeilo
29th May 2014

Cors Bodeilio
Cors Erddreiniog

D. ebudensis - Hebridean Marsh Orchid

 

 

 

D. purpurella - Northern Marsh Orchid


Ynyslas
5th July 2013


Nob End
14th June 2013

Minera Quarry
Cors Bodeilio
Newborough
Buckley Common
Ynys Las
Anderton Country Park
Lynclys Common
Nob End
Cragside
Warton Crags
Talacre
Ainsdale Dunes
Aberffraw
Cors Erddreiniog

D. purpurella cambrensis - Welsh Marsh Orchid


Eryrys
27th June 2016


Eryrys
27th June 2016

Ynys Las
Newborough
Eryrys
Talacre

D. purpurella occidentalis - Irish or Western Marsh Orchid

 


Ynyslas
5th July 2013

Ynys Las

D. x grandis (Common Spotted x Southern Marsh)


near Dolfur, Powys
21st June 201
1


Wrexham
29th June 2013

Newborough
Lynclys Common
near Dolfur, Powys
Wrexham Industrial Estate
Conwy RSPB
Sweeney Fen
Ynys Las

D. x transiens (Common Spotted x Heath Spotted)


Ty Brith
25th June 2012

Ty Brith
Cors Erddreiniog

D. x venusta (Common Spotted x Northern Marsh)


Buckley Common
1st July 2013


Buckley Common
1st July 2013

Buckley Common
Talacre
Cors Erddreiniog

D. x latirella (Early Marsh x Northern Marsh)


Burton Mere
11th June 2016


Burton Mere
11th June 2016

Burton Mere
Ainsdale Dunes
Talacre
Ynys Las

D. x insignis (Southern Marsh x Northern Marsh)


Burton Mere
11th June 2016


Burton Mere
11th June 2016

Burton Mere
Ainsdale Dunes

D. x wintonii (Southern Marsh x Early Marsh)

 


Kenfig Burrows
26th June 2015

Kenfig Burrows
Burton Mere
Talacre
Conwy RSPB
Haskayne Cutting
Ynys Las

X Dactylocamptis (Southern Marsh x Pyramidal)


Burton Mere
11th June 2016


Burton Mere
11th June 2016

Burton Mere

Common Spotted x Heath Spotted Orchid

 

 

Cors Erddreiniog

Genus Neotinea

N. maculata - Dense Flowered Orchid

 

 

 

 


Caburn Bottom
26th May 2016


Caburn Bottom
26th May 2016

Caburn Bottom

N. ustulata aestivalis - Burnt Orchid (summer flowering)


Ladle Hill
17th July 2016


Ladle Hill
17th July 2016

Ladle Hill

Genus Himantoglossum

H. hircinium - Lizard Orchid


Sandwich Bay
18th June 2013


Sandwich Bay
18th June 2013

Sandwich Bay

Genus Anacamptis

A. pyramidalis - Pyramidal Orchid


Ynyslas
23rd June 2010


Morfa Harlech
19th June 2011

Minera Quarry
Newborough
Ynys Las
Lynclys Common
Llanymynech Rocks
Homestead Woods
Sandwich Bay
Bishop Middleham
Lindisfarne
Kenfig Burrows
Barrow Wake
Crickley Hill
near Birdlip
Painswick Hill
Leckhampton Hill
Wenlock Edge
Cotswolds
Abergele
near Folkestone
Talacre
Alyn Waters
Sheepscoombe
Ladle Hill
Pewsey Down
Llandudno Junction
Conwy RSPB
Great Orme
Marford Quarry
Oxwich Dunes
Ettington
Llay Industrial Estate
Dolgoch Quarry
Stoney Middleton
Selsey Common
Minchinhampton
Rodborough
Sheepscoombe
Rudge Hill
Sezincote
Buckholt Woods

A. pyramidalis var emarginata

 

Minera Quarry

A. morio - Green-winged Orchid


Gop Hill
27th April 2014


Gop Hill
27th April 2014

Gop Hill
Venus Pool
Draycote
Great Orme
Mynydd Marian?
Bryn Euryn
Cors Goch
Eades Meadow
Stoborough Heath

A. laxiflora - Loose-flowered Orchid

 

 

 

Genus Serapias

S. lingua - Greater Tongue Orchid

 

 

 

S. parviflora - Lesser Tongue Orchid

 

 

 

Genus Ophrys

 


Waitby Greenriggs
8th June 2015


Latterbarrow
4th June 2015

Latterbarrow
Waitby Greenriggs
Yockletts Bank
South of Yeovil
Chappett’s Close

O. insectifera var. subbombifera

 


Yockletts Bank
25th May 2016

Yockletts Bank

O. apifera - Bee Orchid


Burton Mere
3rd July 2015


Alyn Waters
18th June 2015

Ynys Las
near Ellesmere Port
Cymau
Wharton Crags
Alyn Waters
Wrexham Industrial Estate
Homefield Woods
Ufton Meadows
Wrens Nest
RSPB Conwy
Kenfig Burrows
Painswick Hill
Wenlock Edge
Burton Mere
Wye
Eryrys
Talacre
Severn Valley Country Park
Llandudno Junction
Llanymynech Rocks
Ettington
Llay Industrial Estate
Dolgoch Quarry
Selsey Common
Minchinhampton
Rodborough
Sheepscoombe

O. apifera var trollyi - Wasp Orchid

 

 
near Shipston-on-Stour
15th June 2018

Shipston-on-Stour

O. apifera Var aurita

 


Dolgoch Quarry
29th June 2018

Dolgoch Quarry

O. apifera Var belgarum


Freemans Copse
6th June 2016


Freemans Copse
6th June 2016

Freemans Copse
Alyn Waters

O. fucifera - Late Spider Orchid


near Foulkestone
18th June 2013


near Foulkestone
18th June 2013

near Folkestone

O. sphegodes - Early Spider Orchid


Samphire Hoe
23rd May 2016


Samphire Hoe
23rd May 2016

Samphire Hoe
Durleston
Castle Hill

O. insectifera x apifera


North of Yeovil
18th May 2018


North of Yeovil
18th May 2018

North of Yeovil

O. insectifera x scolopax


South of Yeovil
18th May 2018

South of Yeovil
18th May 2018

South of Yeovil